Most spider bites are accidental, harmless and do not require treatment. Spiders often bite after a person accidentally traps or brushes up against a spider. Most spiders are generally small and their venom is too weak to be dangerous. There are times, however, when a spider bite is serious and can cause serious harm if not treated.
The two spiders with the most serious health ramifications are the brown recluse spider and the black widow spider. They are found in New Mexico, and throughout the southern part of the United States. Both spiders are not usually aggressive, and they generally prefer undisturbed areas such as closets, woodpiles and under sinks.
According the National Pest Management Association (NPMA), there are seven steps you should take if you receive a spider bite:
- If you suspect a spider has bitten you, try to bring it with you to the doctor so they can determine the best course of treatment based on the species.
- Clean the site of the spider bite well with soap and water
- Apply a cool compress over the spider bite location (using a cloth dampened with cold water or filled with ice).
- If you suspect the bite is form a black widow or brown recluse spider, and the bite is on an extremity, elevate it.
- Consider tying a snug bandage above the bite and elevate the limb to help slow or halt the venom’s spread. Ensure that the bandage is not so tight that it cuts off circulation in your arm or leg.
- Adults can take aspirin or acetaminophen and antihistamines to relieve minor signs and symptoms (but use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers).
- Seek medical attention for any severe signs and symptoms, or if signs and symptoms continue to worsen for more than 24 hours.
Tags: Black Widow spiders, Brown Recluse Spiders, Pest Control, Spider Bites, Spiders